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African American Research at the Library of Virginia to 1870

Records and search strategies for researching free and enslaved African Americans in Virginia before 1870.


Many records of African Americans in Virginia prior to 1870 have been indexed and digitized through the Library's Virginia Untold collection, but many more may be found by searching the original and microfilmed records themselves. This guide provides an overview of types of records that are available.

Revised May 2024

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