At Virginia's Third Revolutionary Convention in July 1775, the delegates passed an ordinance appointing commissioners to pay the militia soldiers who had participated in Lord Dunmore's expedition against Native Americans of the Ohio Valley in 1774. They would also settle the accounts of those who provided goods or services to the expedition. The claims commissioners' account ledger for the counties of Augusta, Bedford, Botetourt, Culpeper, and Fincastle has been digitized, and this is a partial index of the personal names linked to images of the relevant pages. The ledger entries include names, length of service or goods provided, and the amount of compensation. Not all pages in the ledger have been indexed.
Following attacks on white settlers in Ohio Valley region (then claimed by Virginia), the Royal Governor of Virginia, Lord Dunmore, organized a large force of militia from Berkeley, Hampshire, and Frederick counties and led them to Fort Dunmore (Pittsburgh), arriving at the end of August 1774. Dunmore also ordered Colonel Andrew Lewis to raise an army from Augusta, Botetourt, Fincastle, Bedford, Culpeper, Dunmore, and Kentucky counties and join Dunmore's force along the Ohio River. On October 10th, Colonel Lewis' unit encountered a large group of Shawnee and Delaware, and they fought the Battle of Point Pleasant (West Virginia), eventually driving an Indian retreat across the Ohio River. Soon after that, Dunmore negotiated a treaty that prohibited Delaware, Mingo, and Shawnee tribes from settling or hunting south of the Ohio River.