Camp Alger, July 7, 1898, Troop A., NY / Milton H. Bancroft
This bibliography was originally created to supplement the information found in the Virginia Military Dead index.
The Spanish-American War (1898) was fought to liberate Cuba from Spanish rule and establish direct and indirect U.S. control over Spanish colonies in the Caribbean and Pacific. Virginians served in the Army, Navy, and Marines. 5,326 men served in the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 6th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiments, which were mustered in response to the declaration of war. The 2nd, 3rd and 4th were white regiments, while the 6th was African American. None of the regiments saw action; the 2nd, 3rd, and 6th remained in the U.S., while the 4th deployed to Cuba after the war. Only one Virginian combatant is known to have been killed in action. The most common cause of death was disease.
The Philippine-American War (1899–1902) was fought to maintain U.S. colonial rule over the Philippines. After the Philippines was transferred from Spain to the United States, the U.S. refused to recognize Filipino independence. A protracted insurgency followed. The war was both controversial and unpopular and resulted in large numbers of civilian deaths. Virginians served in all branches of the military. Five Virginians are known to have died in this conflict.
Revised March 2022
Archival materials relating to these conflicts can be located in the Library catalog with the search terms “Spanish American War,” “Philippine American War,” or “Philippine Insurrection.”