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Virginia in the American Civil War

Library of Virginia collections pertaining to the American Civil War

Military Service

Virginia's contribution to the Confederate cause consisted of more than one hundred independent artillery batteries, more than fifty regiments and battalions of cavalry, more than sixty infantry regiments, and various units of militia, local defense, home guard, and others. About 155,000 individuals served in Virginia's Confederate units during the Civil War. Most were native-born farmers between the ages of 18 and 39, with an average age of just under 26. The Library has numerous published and unpublished accounts of soldiers, most of which relate to their experiences in battle and camp life, in addition to Confederate service records, rosters, pension and disability applications, and other records.

For more information on researching an individual's Civil War military service, see Using Virginia Civil War and Veterans Service Records.

Search Tips

Use suggested keywords below to search the LVA Catalog

  • Confederate States of America Army
  • Confederate States of America Army Military life
  • Confederate States of America Army Virginia Artillery Otey Battery
  • Confederate States of America Army Virginia Cavalry Regiment 1st
  • Confederate States of America Army Virginia Infantry Battalion 23rd
  • Virginia History Civil War, 1861-1865 Regimental Histories
  • Virginia Regimental History Series
  • Soldiers Virginia [Locality]
  • United States Army
  • United States Army Military life
  • United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Campaigns

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