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Virginia in the American Civil War

Library of Virginia collections pertaining to the American Civil War

Campaigns & Battles

illustration of Civil War battle with troops and cavalry
The Battle of Dranesville sketched by an officer who was present / Harper's Weekly, Jan. 11, 1862.

Due to Virginia's location along the border, Virginia was the most contested battleground of the American Civil War, with numerous campaigns, battles, and skirmishes occurring in the state.

The Library's collections contain letters and other personal papers of individuals involved with campaigns; battles, maps, and survey reports of battlefields from the Virginia W.P.A. Historical Inventory Project; and an extensive collection of books concerning campaigns and battles in Virginia.

For maps of Virginia campaigns and battles, see the Maps section

Search Tips

Use the following suggested keywords to search the LVA Catalog:

  • United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Campaigns
  • Virginia History Civil War, 1861-1865 Campaigns
  • [Location] History Civil War, 1861-1865 

Many major campaigns and battles can be searched by name. Some examples include:

  • Chancellorsville, Battle of, Chancellorsville, Va., 1863
  • Cold Harbor, Battle of, Va. 1864
  • Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1862 

A full list of battles that occurred in Virginia and, later, West Virginia is below.

Featured Resources

  • Salmon, John S. The Official Virginia Civil War Battlefield Guide. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2001.
  • United States War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1880–1901.
    Online: HathiTrust Digital Library

Battles in Virginia

Date

Battle Location/Name

State

May 18–21, 1861

Battle of Sewell's Point

Virginia

May 29 – June 1, 1861

Battle of Aquia Creek

Virginia

June 10, 1861

Battle of Big Bethel

Virginia

July 18, 1861

Battle of Blackburn's Ford

Virginia

July 21, 1861

First Battle of Bull Run or First Manassas

Virginia

October 21, 1861

Battle of Ball's Bluff or Leesburg

Virginia

December 20, 1861

Battle of Dranesville

Virginia

January 3, 1862

Battle of Cockpit Point

Virginia

March 8–9, 1862

Battle of Hampton Roads

Virginia

March 23, 1862

First Battle of Kernstown

Virginia

April 5 – May 4, 1862

Siege of Yorktown (1862) or Battle of Yorktown

Virginia

May 5, 1862

Battle of Williamsburg

Virginia

May 7, 1862

Battle of Eltham's Landing

Virginia

May 8, 1862

Battle of McDowell

Virginia

May 15, 1862

Battle of Drewry's Bluff

Virginia

May 23, 1862

Battle of Front Royal

Virginia

May 25, 1862

First Battle of Winchester

Virginia

May 27, 1862

Battle of Hanover Court House

Virginia

May 31 – June 1, 1862

Battle of Seven Pines

Virginia

June 8, 1862

Battle of Cross Keys

Virginia

June 9, 1862

Battle of Port Republic

Virginia

June 25, 1862

Battle of Oak Grove

Virginia

June 26, 1862

Battle of Beaver Dam Creek or Mechanicsville

Virginia

June 27, 1862

Battle of Gaines' Mill or Chickahominy River

Virginia

June 27–28, 1862

Battle of Garnett's & Golding's Farm

Virginia

June 29, 1862

Battle of Savage's Station

Virginia

June 30, 1862

Battle of Glendale

Virginia

June 30, 1862

Battle of White Oak Swamp

Virginia

July 1, 1862

Battle of Malvern Hill

Virginia

August 9, 1862

Battle of Cedar Mountain

Virginia

August 22–25, 1862

First Battle of Rappahannock Station

Virginia

August 25–27, 1862

Battle of Manassas Station Ops.

Virginia

August 28, 1862

Battle of Thoroughfare Gap

Virginia

August 28–30, 1862

Second Battle of Bull Run or Second Manassas

Virginia

September 1, 1862

Battle of Chantilly or Ox Hill

Virginia

December 13, 1862

Battle of Fredericksburg

Virginia

March 17, 1863

Battle of Kelly's Ford

Virginia

April 11 – May 4, 1863

Battle of Suffolk (Hill's Point) or Battle of Fort Huger

Virginia

April 11 – May 4, 1863

Battle of Suffolk (Norfleet House); Siege of Suffolk

Virginia

April 30 – May 6, 1863

Battle of Chancellorsville

Virginia

May 3, 1863

Second Battle of Fredericksburg

Virginia

May 3–4, 1863

Battle of Salem Church

Virginia

June 9, 1863

Battle of Brandy Station

Virginia

June 13–15, 1863

Second Battle of Winchester

Virginia

June 17, 1863

Battle of Aldie

Virginia

June 17–19, 1863

Battle of Middleburg

Virginia

June 21, 1863

Battle of Upperville

Virginia

July 23, 1863

Battle of Manassas Gap

Virginia

October 13, 1863

First Battle of Auburn

Virginia

October 14, 1863

Battle of Bristoe Station

Virginia

October 14, 1863

Second Battle of Auburn

Virginia

October 19, 1863

Battle of Buckland Mills

Virginia

November 7, 1863

Second Battle of Rappahannock Station

Virginia

November 27 –
December 2, 1863

Battle of Mine Run

Virginia

February 6–7, 1864

Battle of Morton's Ford

Virginia

March 2, 1864

Battle of Walkerton

Virginia

May 5–7, 1864

Battle of the Wilderness

Virginia

May 6–7, 1864

Battle of Port Walthall Junction

Virginia

May 8–21, 1864

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Virginia

May 9, 1864

Battle of Swift Creek

Virginia

May 9, 1864

Battle of Cloyd's Mountain

Virginia

May 10, 1864

Battle of Chester Station

Virginia

May 10, 1864

Battle of Cove Mountain

Virginia

May 11, 1864

Battle of Yellow Tavern

Virginia

May 12–16, 1864

Battle of Proctor's Creek

Virginia

May 15, 1864

Battle of New Market

Virginia

May 20, 1864

Battle of Ware Bottom Church

Virginia

May 23–26, 1864

Battle of North Anna

Virginia

May 24, 1864

Battle of Wilson's Wharf

Virginia

May 28, 1864

Battle of Haw's Shop

Virginia

May 28–30, 1864

Battle of Totopotomoy Creek

Virginia

May 30, 1864

Battle of Old Church

Virginia

May 31 – June 12, 1864

Battle of Cold Harbor

Virginia

June 5, 1864

Battle of Piedmont

Virginia

June 9, 1864

First Battle of Petersburg

Virginia

June 11–12, 1864

Battle of Trevilian Station

Virginia

June 15–18, 1864

Second Battle of Petersburg

Virginia

June 17–18, 1864

Battle of Lynchburg

Virginia

June 21–24, 1864

Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road

Virginia

June 24, 1864

Battle of Saint Mary's Church

Virginia

June 25, 1864

Battle of Staunton River Bridge

Virginia

June 28, 1864

Battle of Sappony Church

Virginia

June 29, 1864

First Battle of Ream's Station

Virginia

July 18–19, 1864

Battle of Cool Spring

Virginia

July 20, 1864

Battle of Rutherford's Farm

Virginia

July 24, 1864

Second Battle of Kernstown

Virginia

July 27–29, 1864

First Battle of Deep Bottom

Virginia

July 30, 1864

Battle of the Crater

Virginia

August 14–20, 1864

Second Battle of Deep Bottom

Virginia

August 16, 1864

Battle of Guard Hill

Virginia

August 18–21, 1864

Battle of Globe Tavern

Virginia

August 25, 1864

Second Battle of Ream's Station

Virginia

September 3–4, 1864

Battle of Berryville

Virginia

September 19, 1864

Battle of Opequon or (Third Battle of Winchester)

Virginia

September 21–22, 1864

Battle of Fisher's Hill

Virginia

September 29–30, 1864

Battle of Chaffin's Farm or (New Market Heights)

Virginia

September 30 – October 2, 1864

Battle of Peebles' Farm

Virginia

October 1–3, 1864

First Battle of Saltville

Virginia

October 7, 1864

Battle of Darbytown and New Market

Virginia

October 9, 1864

Battle of Tom's Brook

Virginia

October 13, 1864

Battle of Darbytown Road

Virginia

October 19, 1864

Battle of Cedar Creek

Virginia

October 27–28, 1864

Battle of Boydton Plank Road

Virginia

October 27–28, 1864

Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road

Virginia

December 17–18, 1864

Battle of Marion

Virginia

December 20–21, 1864

Second Battle of Saltville

Virginia

February 5–7, 1865

Battle of Hatcher's Run

Virginia

March 2, 1865

Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia

Virginia

March 25, 1865

Battle of Fort Stedman

Virginia

March 29, 1865

Battle of Lewis's Farm

Virginia

March 31, 1865

Battle of White Oak Road

Virginia

March 31, 1865

Battle of Dinwiddie Court House

Virginia

April 1, 1865

Battle of Five Forks

Virginia

April 2, 1865

Third Battle of Petersburg

Virginia

April 2, 1865

Battle of Sutherland's Station

Virginia

April 3, 1865

Battle of Namozine Church

Virginia

April 5, 1865

Battle of Amelia Springs

Virginia

April 6, 1865

Battle of Rice's Station

Virginia

April 6, 1865

Battle of Sayler's Creek (or Sailor's Creek)

Virginia

April 6–7, 1865

Battle of High Bridge

Virginia

April 7, 1865

Battle of Cumberland Church

Virginia

April 8, 1865

Battle of Appomattox Station

Virginia

April 9, 1865

Battle of Appomattox Court House

Virginia

November 6, 1863

Battle of Droop Mountain

West Virginia

August 7, 1864

Battle of Moorefield

West Virginia

August 21, 1864

Battle of Summit Point

West Virginia

August 25–29, 1864

Battle of Smithfield Crossing

West Virginia

June 3, 1861

Battle of Philippi (West Virginia)

West Virginia (Virginia at the time)

July 2, 1861

Battle of Hoke's Run

West Virginia (Virginia at the time)

July 11, 1861

Battle of Rich Mountain

West Virginia (Virginia at the time)

August 26, 1861

Battle of Kessler's Cross Lanes

West Virginia (Virginia at the time)

September 10, 1861

Battle of Carnifex Ferry

West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)

September 12–15, 1861

Battle of Cheat Mountain

West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)

October 3, 1861

Battle of Greenbrier River

West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)

December 13, 1861

Battle of Camp Allegheny

West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)

May 15–17, 1862

Battle of Princeton Court House

West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)

September 12–15, 1862

Battle of Harpers Ferry

West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)

September 19–20, 1862

Battle of Shepherdstown

West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)